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Duane Eddy, who put the twang in early rock guitar with 'Rebel Rouser', dies at age 86

Duane Eddy performs at the Stagecoach Music Festival in Indio, Calif., on , April 27, 2014. Eddy, a pioneering guitar hero whose reverberating electric sound on instrumentals such as "Rebel Rouser" and "Peter Gunn" helped put the twang in early rock 'n' roll, died on Tuesday at age 86.
Chris Pizzello
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Invision/AP
Duane Eddy performs at the Stagecoach Music Festival in Indio, Calif., on , April 27, 2014. Eddy, a pioneering guitar hero whose reverberating electric sound on instrumentals such as "Rebel Rouser" and "Peter Gunn" helped put the twang in early rock 'n' roll, died on Tuesday at age 86.

NEW YORK — Duane Eddy, a pioneering guitar hero whose reverberating electric sound on instrumentals such as "Rebel Rouser" and "Peter Gunn" helped put the twang in early rock 'n' roll and influenced George Harrison, Bruce Springsteen and countless other musicians, has died at age 86.

Eddy died of cancer Tuesday at the Williamson Health hospital in Franklin, Tennessee, according to his wife, Deed Abbate.

With his raucous rhythms, and backing hollers and hand claps, Eddy sold more than 100 million records worldwide, and mastered a distinctive sound based on the premise that a guitar's bass strings sounded better on tape than the high ones.

"I had a distinctive sound that people could recognize and I stuck pretty much with that. I'm not one of the best technical players by any means; I just sell the best," he told The Associated Press in a 1986 interview. "A lot of guys are more skillful than I am with the guitar. A lot of it is over my head. But some of it is not what I want to hear out of the guitar."

"Twang" defined Eddy's sound from his first album, "Have Twangy Guitar Will Travel," to his 1993 box set, "Twang Thang: The Duane Eddy Anthology."

"It's a silly name for a nonsilly thing," Eddy told the AP in 1993. "But it has haunted me for 35 years now, so it's almost like sentimental value — if nothing else."

He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994.

Eddy and producer Lee Hazlewood helped create the "Twang" sound in the 1950s, a sound Hazlewood later adapt to his production of Nancy Sinatra's 1960s smash "These Boots Are Made for Walkin.'" Eddy had a five-year commercial peak from 1958-63. He said in 1993 he took his 1970 hit "Freight Train" as a clue to slow down.

"It was an easy listening hit," he recalled. "Six or seven years before, I was on the cutting edge."

Eddy recorded more than 50 albums, some of them reissues. He did not work too much from the 1980s on, "living off my royalties," he said in 1986.

About "Rebel Rouser," he told the AP: "It was a good title and it was the rockest rock 'n' roll sound. It was different for the time."

He scored theme music for movies including "Because They're Young," "Pepe" and "Gidget Goes Hawaiian." But Eddy said he turned down doing the James Bond theme song because there wasn't enough guitar music in it.

In the 1970s he worked behind-the-scenes in music production work, mainly in Los Angeles.

Eddy was born in Corning, New York, and grew up in Phoenix, where he began playing guitar at age 5. He spent his teen years in Arizona dreaming of singing on the Grand Ole Opry, and eventually signed with Jamie Records of Philadelphia in 1958. "Rebel Rouser" soon followed.

Eddy later toured with Dick Clark's "Caravan of Stars" and appeared in "Because They're Young," "Thunder of Drums" among other movies.

He moved to Nashville in 1985 after years of semiretirement in Lake Tahoe, California.

Eddy was not a vocalist, saying in 1986, "One of my biggest contributions to the music business is not singing."

Paul McCartney and George Harrison were both fans of Eddy and he recorded with both of them after their Beatles' days. He played on McCartney's "Rockestra Theme" and Harrison played on Eddy's self-titled comeback album, both in 1987.

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